Wilfred Heaton Edition

THE COMPLETE  WORKS
compiled by Paul Hindmarsh

INTRODUCTION

Wilfred Heaton (19182000) composer and teacher, was born in Sheffield on 2 December 1918, the younger of two children of John, a cutler, and Miriam Heaton. The Heaton family were members of the Sheffield Park Corps of The Salvation Army. John Heaton was the bandmaster and his wife had a fine singing voice. It was natural therefore for young Wilfred’s  musical talents to be nurtured through The Salvation Army. He began piano lessons at the age of eight and soon after was learning the cornet and composing music of his own. His long life in music was underpinned by wide-ranging interests in the arts, in philosophy, and by his strong religious background and faith. At times during, however, this creative impulse was often tested and questioned. 

Heaton left school at 14 to become an apprentice in a small brass instrument manufacture and repair business in Sheffield, Cocking and Pace, where, apart from war service in the RAF, he remained for over twenty years, composing whenever he could.  At 19 he gained his LRAM in piano, but was largely self-taught in composition.  Heaton noted on a page of his last work, the autobiographical Variations, “I got help initially from a crippled SA musician [George Marshall], who had a very sound harmonic instinct, but who stressed contrapuntal studies above all; then from a local music master who initiated me into the wider world of chamber and orchestral music; and finally, a lot later [the 1950’s] Matyas Seiber, whose instruction on Bach studies was invaluable. These are three with whom I had personal contact, but along with other inspiring composers – the scores of the 18th century German giants and the 20th century masters”.

It was expected that Wilfred would dedicate his musical talents to the Salvation Army, and in his own words, he continued to “do a good job” for the 'Army' throughout his life. A number of pieces,  like the March Praise and the Meditation Just as I am,  have become favourites throughout the brass band world. Others, like the Toccata, eventually found their way into print many years later.

In his 20’s and early 30’s, Wilfred’s musical ambitions extended beyond the brass band to orchestral, vocal and chamber music. By the 1950’s, Heaton's life began to take a different course. He had taken up the french horn and was working as a peripatetic brass teacher, a move which in 1963 took the Heaton family to Harrogate. Much of the day-to-day work of instrument repair was left in the hands of Herbert Cocking, son of the former owner. When Cocking moved to the United States in 1964, the Sheffield business was closed. Wilfred played in a number of teachers’ orchestras and ensembles. He was a founding conductor of the Dales Sinfonia. He formed and conducted the local schools youth orchestra. Between 1962 and 1969 he was Musical Director of the Leeds Symphony Orchestra. In 1970 he spent some months as resident Musical Director of the Black Dyke Mills Band.

However, as his professional activities increased, Heaton’s own creativity went into decline. He continued to arrange music for all the performing groups with which he was involved, but he composed very little. Another note on the score of Variations offers further explanation: “…all compositional ambitions were brought to a halt through my contact with Rudolf Steiner’s Anthroposphical movement. Involvement in this seemed to dry me up. I lost the impulse to compose. Such an activity seemed unimportant compared with the spiritual impulses provided by Steiner.”  Most of his spare time was now dedicated to a systematic exploration of the philosophical and spiritual disciplines postulated by Steiner in his prolific writings. Heaton came to an understanding of Steiner’s approach to life, spirituality, reincarnation and karma through the influence of Arnold Freeman, professor of English Literature at Sheffield University and Warden of the Sheffield Educational Settlement, where from 1947 Heaton had enrolled for and later taught on courses on the arts, humanities and music. Steiner advocated techniques for the development of awareness to nature's cycles, of daily meditation, reading and clear critical thinking, leading in the fullness of time to higher levels of spiritual consciousness and clairvoyance.  Heaton followed this path systematically for over half his life.

However, from time to time he was persuaded out of this creative semi-retirement, most notably in 1973, when he completed Contest Music, his only non-Salvation Army work published in his life-time. In his later years Wilfred was pleased, but always appeared surprised, at the appreciative reception his music was by then receiving.

Although he never re-gained his old fluency, he was encouraged by family and friends – particularly the conductor Howard Snell - to take up his composing pen once again. After the death of his wife and his own retirement from teaching, there was a welcome “Indian summer” - including Partita, two substantial concertos and two marches which, like Contest Music, were re-worked from earlier works, and his final Variations, the only brand new work of his later years that was almost finished when he died. Wilfred Heaton once said to a colleague there would be some surprise at what would emerge from his “unregarded corner”. He was quite right. Most of this music has been realised for performance by Howard Snell and myself.  It is testimony to Heaton’s integrity, his strength of creative spirit and his acquired skills that he was able so successfully to re-cast his youthful musical off-spring some forty years or more after their conception.

Because of the lack of accurate composition dates, Heaton's music is listed according to genre and in alphabetical order

Abbreviations:
HF Heaton family
HS Howard Snell
KD Kenneth Downie
Mss Manuscript sources
PHM PHM Publishing
SA Salvation Army Territorial HQ, London
SP&S Salvationist Publishing & Supplies Ltd.
WHE Wilfred Heaton Edition
WHT The Wilfred Heaton Trust (www.wilfredheaton.fsnet.co.uk)

BRASS BAND MUSIC

WH01 Aberystwyth (The Healing Stream)

Meditation for brass band

Duration: 10 mins. 

MS:  HF – Undated full score in ink, on Salvationist Publishing and Supplies manuscript paper, 18 pp single sided, landscape.
Publication
: © 2012 WHT; PHM, edited Paul Hindmarsh with title The Healing Stream.

 The date of composition of this substantial work is not known. It's style and structure owes much to the influence of the Salvation Army composer George Marshall and the episodic tone poems that characterised his output. This would suggest that it dates from the 1930's.

 

WH02 Annie Laurie

Variations for cornet (or euphonium) and brass band (or piano)

Duration: 9 mins.

MSS:
1. HF – original cornet and piano score in ink
2. HF – the original brass band score, also in ink, entitled Cornet Solo 'Annie Laurie' by Bandsman Wilfred Heaton. It was written on Salvationist Publishing and Supplies manuscript paper.
3. HF – full score (ink, portrait) of version 2
4. HS – full score (ink, portrait) of version 3
5. SA – non-holograph piano score of the original version, in the hand of Major Leslie Condon.

Publication: © 2003 WHT (PHM) ed. Paul Hindmarsh, in versions for cornet and band or piano.

 

WH03 Battle Hymn of the Republic

Arranged for brass band

Manuscript: whereabouts unknown

This treatment of 'Mine eyes have seen the Glory' was written for the band of the Leeds Central Corps of the Salvation Army, which performed it in the 1970s. The manuscript score and parts appear to have been mislaid.

 

WH04 Beulah Land


Suite for brass band
I. Better World – II. Heavenly Home – III.Happy land

Duration: 11 mins
MSS: HF

1. Short score sketch, in ink and complete in outline. It contains many amendments and cancellations. The third movement is particularly vague in detail. Containing a number of alternatives and notes about continuation, much of it hardly legible.
2. A neat, revised short score in pencil, written during the final phase of work. The first two movements are almost complete and there are some insert pages also in pencil.
3. A large number of sketches and early drafts.

Publication: 2006, SP&S (The Judd Street Collection), realised by Paul Hindmarsh

Wilfred Heaton began to assemble material for Beulah Land in the early 1990s following a request from the Amsterdam Staff Band of the Salvation Army for a new work. At this stage in his career, he would accept such invitations only if there was material he could adapt, revise or re-write. It may be that the original ink sketch was penned many years earlier. Despite reminding himself on the manuscript that he should either complete the work or destroy it, Heaton did not manage either task before his death. This performing edition was prepared during the Autumn of 2003 for the Amsterdam Staff Band (Howard Evans) to feature on an American tour.

 

WH05 Celestial Prospect


Variations for brass band

Duration: 9 mins.

MSS: 1. HF – pencil sketches for the revised version; 2. The full score of the revised version is thought to reside with the Eastern Territory of the SA. The whereabouts of the original manuscript is unknown.

Publication: SP&S (Festival Series, No.481), September 1990

Composed in the late 1940s, this work was played to the International Music Board of The Salvation Army by the International Staff Band. It was not selected for publication at that time and the parts, minus a solo cornet part, were retained by the Music Department. Heaton revised the music for the New York Staff Band in the late 1980s.

 

WH06 The Children's Friend (In Memoriam)


Variations for brass band

Duration: 8 mins.
MSS: HF – a full score in ink (portrait) in the composer's later writing style and a portion of an earlier draft in pencil.
Publication: 2003, WHE(PHM) © Wilfred Heaton Trust, performing edition by Paul Hindmarsh
Probably composed for The Salvation Army's Triumph Series in the 1940s, this work remained unpublished in the composer's lifetime.

 

WH07 Concerto for trombone and brass band (1992)

Duration: 26 mins
MSS:
1. HS – final full score in ink
2. HF – preliminary full score in pencil, written on the reverse of the pencil full score of Sinfonia Concertante
Publication: 2007, WHE(PHM) © Wilfred Heaton Trust, ed. Paul Hindmarsh

 

WH08 Contest Music (1973) for brass band

Duration: 13 mins
MSs:
1. HF – the first autographed full score in ink, with some minor additions added for the published version. 86pp, portrait.
2. Boosey & Hawkes – the final autographed manuscript
Date of composition: XII '72 – III '73 at end of full score
Publication: 1982, Boosey & Hawkes [BBJ 931]

Heaton's most celebrated brass band work was re-worked from three composition 'exercises' (according to the composer) written in the early 1950s. The finished work was commissioned for the 1973 National Brass Band Championship finals, but not used for the event until 1982.

 

WH09 Five Little Pieces for brass band


I. Grave – Prestissimo; II. Con energico; III. Cantabile; IV. Giocoso e ritmico; V. Presto

Duration: 10 minutes
Manuscripts: HF
1. Pencil and ink sketch on 2 or 3 staves, complete in outline, with many indications of instrumentation.
2. Further pages of sketches for the brass band version, some in different keys and on the reverse of the sketches of Full Salvation and Sinfonia Concertante
3. Pencil sketch in full score of the first movement, showing significant changes in chord layout and part distribution to 1.
4. Incomplete full score draft of a version for solo instrument and band.
Publication: 2006, WHE(PHM) © Wilfred Heaton Trust, realised by Paul Hindmarsh

This work is based on the Little Suite for recorder and piano. It is possible that the sketch was prepared in response to an invitation from Philip Biggs to write a test piece for the All England Masters Championship in 1990. Heaton left the work in sketch form. The first performance of Five Little Pieces was given at the Grieg Hall, Bergen on 16th January, 2002 by the Eikanger-Bjorsvik Musikklag conducted by Howard Snell.

 

WH10 French


Chorale Prelude for brass band

Duration: 6 mins.
MSS: HF
1. Full score in pencil of opening section
2. A complete short score draft, including several version for alternative endings and harmonisations
3. A page of different harmonisations of the hymn tune
4. A complete version in two parts, cornet and euphonium, apparently
5. Full score unfinished draft of a meditation on the hymn tune Chalvey

Publication: SP&S (General Series No.2043), August 2006, realised by Paul Hindmarsh

Wilfred Heaton composed this thoughtful meditation from earlier sketches on the tune French probably in the 1960s. The score was lost and the composer did not look at it again until the last weeks of his life. He died before completing the new version, which has been realised from the surviving sketch material. The composer included two alternative endings, one short and loud and one more extended and quiet.

 

WH11 Full Salvation


Concert March for brass band
Duration: 4 mins.
MS: HF – pencil sketch (5 pages) complete in outline, with revisions and corrections. The sketch is written on the reverse of pencil sketches of Sinfonia Concertante and Five Little Pieces. Full score is missing or not completed.
Publication: © 2010 WHT(PHM), realised by Paul Hindmarsh

Full Salvation was first performed by the Fairey Band at the Great Northern Brass Arts Festival, 12 September 2010, Bridgewater Hall, Manchester.

 

WH12 The Golden Pen


Fantasy for brass band

Duration: 4 mins.
MSS: HF - Incomplete full score sketch, in pencil
Publication: 2001, WHE(PHM) © Wilfred Heaton Trust, performing edition by Paul Hindmarsh

The Golden Pen was given its first performance on 3rd February, 2001 in Manchester, at the Royal Northern College of Music Festival of Brass by the Williams Fairey Band, conducted by Howard Snell. A recording was broadcast on BBC Radio 3 on 29th June, 2001.

 

WH13 Glory! Glory!


Concert March for brass band

Duration: 7 mins.
MS: Dr. Peter Graham – the composer's full score and hand written parts
Publicaton: 2002, WHM(PHM) © Wilfred Heaton Trust, performing edition by Paul Hindmarsh.

Glory! Glory! is a unique work in the brass band literature of the twentieth century, taking the traditional brass band march into previously unchartered territory. According to brass band conductor Bramwell Gregson, who discussed the work with the composer, it was composed in the 1940s, but was destroyed because Heaton's father did not like it. The new version was re-composed either from memory or from sketches no longer extant in 1988 and 89 in response to an invitation from composer Peter Graham for a short work to mark the centenary of the Regent Hall Corps of the Salvation Army, where he was then the bandmaster.

In the original Trio, Heaton looks back nostalgically to his youth with a musical encounter, in Charles Ives style, between a Salvation Army band and Boy's Brigade buglers on the march. The out-of-tune bugles disrupt the progress of the Army band, reaching a crescendo and then fading into the distance, like ghosts of past generations.

Heaton had misgivings about this Trio section, refusing to publish it and only reluctantly agreeing to release it for further performances. Feeling that the programmatic element 'outstayed its welcome', he composed a shorter, more full-blooded alternative, which cuts out the out-of-tune buglers altogether. This second version has been included in this edition and can be performed in place of the original if a more concise performance is desired.

 

WH14 Just as I am


Meditation for brass band
Duration: 5 mins. 30 secs.
MS: Whereabouts unknown, presumed lost or destroyed
Publication: December 1947, SP&S (General Series No.1291(1))
 

WH15 Le Tricot Rouge


March for brass band
Duration: 3 mins.
MS: HF – full score in ink, with pencil alterations
Publication: 2002, WHE(PHM) © Wilfred Heaton Trust, performing edition by Paul Hindmarsh

Prepared for the Tewit Youth Band, possibly from an earlier Salvation Army march, Le Tricot Rouge received its first performance on 10 September 2000, in Symphony Hall, Birmingham, performed by the Black Dyke Band, conducted by Nicholas Childs (and recorded by BBC Radio 3).

 

WH16 Martyn


Hymn tune arrangement for brass band

Duration: 3 mins.
MS: Whereabouts unknown, presumed lost or destroyed
Publication: March 1947, SP&S (General Series No. 1279(1))

In The Salvation Army Song Book, this tune is associated with words calling for repentance from the death of sin. In this setting, dating probably from the late 1930s, Heaton offers three reflections on the tune, full of subtle harmonic variants, simply but effectively scored.

 

WH17 Mercy's Light


Festival arrangement for brass band

Duration: 8 mins.
MS: HF – draft full score. The present location of the final full score has not been identified.
Publication: September 1992, SP&S (Festival Series No.498)

Mercy's Light, which emerged in the 80's, was probably composed in the 1940s. It is an extended waltz. The elegance of Ravel's Valse Nobles et Sentimentales, and the objectivity of a Satie Gymnopedie, combine with nostalgic echoes of pre-war popular music to provide the context for a beautiful tune set by Erik Leidzen. The first draft is much more heavily scored than the final version.

 

WH18 My Treasure


Selection for brass band

Duration: 8 mins.
MS: Whereabouts unknown, presumed lost or destroyed
Publication: SP&S (Festival Series No.167), January 1950

 

WH19 My Master's Will


Meditation for brass band

Duration: 6 mins.
MS: The present location of the final full score has not been identified.
Publication: SP&S (Festival Series No 319(2)), January 1969

My Master's Will might be thought of as a sequel to Just As I Am. The tune used is The Fairest of Ten Thousand, used for the words 'At Thy feet I bow adoring, bending low and lower still'. Heaton's original name for the work was Adoration. Brian Bowen, who was working in the editorial department when the work was published, recalled how the name came to be changed:

I was working in the editorial department in London when this score came to light (I assume it was new from Heaton) and was played by the ISB (I played flugel then). Heaton's score was titled Adoration and I pointed out to the head of the department that the title had already been used by Bramwell Coles much earlier and published. The editor changed it without Heaton's knowledge to My Master's Will, a much less appropriate title to my mind, as the music speaks so much more of adoration (as indeed the text of the song makes clear). I love the piece.

 

WH20 Partita (c.1947 /1984)


Suite for brass band
I. Prelude; II. Scherzo; III. Canzona; IV. Rondo

Duration: 26 mins
Manuscripts:
1. HS – the full score in ink of the final version
2. HS – the full score in ink of the original version, entitled Suite and including for first Scherzo (see below)
Publication: 2002, WHE(PHM) © WHT

In 1947 and 48 Heaton composed his first original work for brass band, without any Salvation Army associations. It was a Suite for brass band written under the pseudonym Paul Krask and dedicated to Eric Ball. Heaton sent the score to Ball, who at that time had just been appointed Professional Conductor of the CWS Manchester Band. Tom Hobson (a friend and former Deputy Head Teacher of Wardle High School, Rochdale) recalls that on the day of the 1950 Open Brass Band Championship, while he and his father, who was an agent in Sheffield for the SA's Rosehill Assurance and used to collect insurance money each week from the Heaton's home in Stafford Road, were walking up to the King's Hall in Belle Vue, Manchester, they were joined by Eric Ball. During their conversation, Ball mentioned that he had tried the work through with his new band, but the work had proved too difficult to perform.

In 1950, Heaton re-worked the Suite Op.1 for symphony orchestra, adding a new and vibrant scherzo. Some time later the new second movement and the finale, suitably 'modernised', were incorporated into a Piano Sonata of Bartokian complexity and intensity – his longest work. Both of these works still wait performance and the brass version was not heard for 34 years.

In 1984, two years after the successful competition 'debut' of Contest Music at the finals of the National Brass Band Championships, the conductor Howard Snell, then Musical Director of the Desford Colliery Band, asked Heaton for a new work. What turned up shortly afterwards was the original brass Suite. In a letter to Heaton, Snell wondered whether the composer might have something more substantial for a second movement than the short original Scherzo. Shortly after that a brand new brass version of the orchestral Suite appeared, now re-titled Partita and containing the updated Scherzo. Partita was performed for the first time in the 1986 by Desford and Howard Snell.

WH21 Passing By


Selection for brass band

Duration: 6 mins.
MS: HF – the original ink full score was returned to the Heaton family from the Music Ministries Department on the Salvation Army's UK Territorial Headquarters in 2002
Publication: SP&S (General Series No. 1271), September 1946

Written when Heaton was in his teens, the manuscript bears the editorial marks (in red ink) of the SA Music Editorial Department. The work was published without these alterations.

WH55a Pilgrim's Song


Suite for narrator and brass band arranged by Paul Hindmarsh from incidental music for a dramatisation of part one of Bunyon's Pilgrim's Progress. (See under Incidental Music)

Duration: 11 mins
MS: HF – original full score (in ink) of the complete incidental music|
Publication: © 2012 WHT, PHM

The suite has been arranged into four movements, using the following cues:

1. To be a Pilgrim – originally for piano, underscoring Christian's aspiration

The Way of Salvation – a fast three-time movement for brass, indicative of the start of Christian's journey along the road to the Celestial City.

2. The slough of despond – an incisive episode for piano, slightly abbreviated, to links into Christian's prayer – for brass, marked to be played with reverence;
At the Cross – a short pastoral, originally for piano

3. The valley of humiliation – Christian's early struggle is expressed in some biting bi- tonality, originally on piano;
At the Celestial gate – a vision of the Celestial City

4. Walk in the strength of the Lord – a noble 'fanfare' leading to
Bright, radiant, blest – Heaton's final hymn

The first performance of the suite was given at Christchurch Priory on 27 May 2010 by Boscombe Citadel Band conducted by Dr. Howard Evans.

WH22 Praise


Festival March for brass band (or concert band, arr. Bowen)

Duration: 3 mins. (without da capo)
MS: Whereabouts unknown, presumed lost or destroyed
Publication: SP&S (Festival Series No.163), July 1949; R.Smith & Co (Trade Winds), 2012, arr. for concert band by Brian Bowen

Ray Steadman-Allen confirms that the score of Praise was sent in to the SA's Music Editorial Department before the outbreak of War in 1939, along with a number of other Heaton works, including Passing By, Martyn and Just as I am. The SA did not publish any Festival Series music during the war period, resuming only in 1946. Praise was played by the International Staff in October that year and approved for publication. However, the backlog meant that it was not published until July 1949. It was seen through the press by Steadman-Allen, who recalls how much he 'respected his touch'.

WH23 Sinfonia Concertante for cornet and band (1991)

Duration: 26 mins.
MSs:
1. HS – the final full score in ink
2. HF – first full score in pencil and some pages of sketches
Publication: 2006, a facsimile of the original manuscript in WHE(PHM) © WHT

The Sinfonia Concertante was completed in 1991, at the suggestion of Howard Snell for Martin Winter and the Britannia Building Society (now Foden's ) Band.

WH34a Scherzo for brass band

Duration: 8 mins
Manuscripts: See Suite for brass band and Scherzo for brass quartet
Publication: © 2012 WHT (PHM), arranged by Paul Hindmarsh from the composer's original brass band Scherzo and the quartet version of Scherzo (see Chamber Music)

The first performance of this edition of Scherzo was given on 23 January, 2010 at the RNCM Festival of Brass, Manchester, by the Foden's Band, conducted by Garry Cutt.

WH36a Sweet Hour of Prayer arranged for trombone and band

Duration: 3 mins.
Publication: © 2012 WHT (PHM), arranged for trombone and brass band by Paul Hindmarsh from the composer's original version form trombone and piano (See under Instrumental Music).

Sweet hour of prayer was a much loved devotional song on both sides of the Atlantic during the 19th and 20th centuries. The tune Sweet hour is the work of William B. Bradbury (1816 – 1868), a celebrated New England hymn-tune writer, among whose familiar melodies are He leadeth me, I think when I read that sweet story of old, Solid rock and Jesus loves me. Sweet hour first appeared in Bradbury's final publication Bright Jewels (New York, 1869)

Wilfred Heaton made a sensitive and touching treatment for trombone and piano for his son-in-law, Bryan Stobart. This version for trombone and brass band was arranged by Paul Hindmarsh in November 2005 and dedicated "To Bryan Stobart, in friendship" .

WH24 Toccata 'O the blessed Lord'

Duration: 6 mins.
MS: Whereabouts of the autograph full score is unknown; presumed lost or destroyed.
Publication: SP&S (Festival Series, No. 354), September 1973; TBC arr. for concert band by Alastair Wheeler

In 1939, Heaton was invited to write a short work for the SA's music editor-in-chief, Bramwell Coles, to take on a visit to the United States. Music for brass sextet (See Instrumental Music) was the result, but it was considered too difficult was not used.

After returning from RAF war service in Egypt, Toccata was revised for full brass band and submitted to the SA Music Editorial Department for future consideration. It was rehearsed and performed by the International Staff Band at the time and rejected for publication because of its complexity. This was a great disappointment to the composer, who had travelled down from Sheffield to the Salvation Army Publishing & Supplies Headquarters in Judd Street, London to hear the reading, which the band had given to the SA's Music Board. According to his sister, who as Captain Hilda Heaton was a tutor at the SA's Training College at that time, her brother had expressed the wish that he had been able to rehearse the band in advance of the performance. He was in no doubt that he could have made them play it.

Toccata remained in a collection of manuscripts inherited by Ray Steadman-Allen, when he became the Chief Editor of the SA's Music Editorial Department. R S-A recalls that it was at the suggestion of Col. Bernard Adams, the distinguished and long-serving conductor of the ISB, that Toccata was taken out again and successfully performed, recorded and published. It was this imaginative intervention that ultimately led to the strength of the work's position within the brass band repertoire world-wide. Brian Bowen, flugel horn player when the work re-emerged in the 1960s recalls that:

There was no percussion, or certainly no Timpani part in the full score. Bert Thompson, who played timps then, told me at the time that he personally contacted Heaton, asking for a timp. part -- and got it. I always thought that a rather bold thing to do as it seems Bernard Adams wasn't involved in it at all!

The work was published without percussion as the composer intended. It is based on the verse of the American spiritual, O dem golden slippers, to which Salvationists sang the words 'Oh, the blessed Lord, he has saved my soul'

WH25 Variations for brass band

Theme Legatissimo
Variation 1 Grazioso
Variation 2 Molto Adagio
Variation 3 Vivace
Variation 4 Tempo primo
Variation 5 Placido
Variation 6 La voce popolare I – Marche militaire
Variation 7 La voce popolare II – Cantilena
Variation 8 La voce popolare III – Galop
Variation 9 Grave
Variation 10 Adagio (Interlude)
Variation 11 Threnody for Charlotte Anne Stobart
Variation 12 Adagio – Allegro (Chorale)

Duration: 30 mins

Dedication: 'with admiration and gratitude to Howard Snell'
MSS: HF – incomplete full score; fair copies in pencil short score of the work, with the exception of Variation 8; sketches for Variation 8
Publication: 2006, WHE(PHM) © WHT, realised by Howard Snell

Theme and variations 1 to 4 were completed by the composer in full score. Variations 5 to 7 and 9 to 12 were completed in annotated pencil short score, with some indication of instrumentation. There are also many pages of sketches and drafts, including Variation 8 (Galop), which is complete though extremely fragmentary. Howard Snell's realisation has included the scoring of Variations 5 to 12, the adjusting of certain dynamic levels – particularly in Variation 11 – and the drawing together of Variation 8, which exists in alternative versions. Howard Snell's completion and particularly his choice of ending, was made with regard to the balance and proportion of the variation and its position in the work as a whole. Towards the climax of Variation 12 (bars 538, 542 and 543), Snell has added three bars of bass figuration not in the sketch material to preserve the continuity of the line. These are given in smaller notes.

Wilfred Heaton was aware that works of the length and substance of Variations are not easy to programme in brass band concerts, as this note to Snell on a sketch page for Variation 6 makes clear: 'I do not think you will ever be able to perform the piece. It's more of a document than a blueprint for performance, because rehearsals for difficult, unfamiliar music are hardly possible while (a band) is being prepared for a contest. But you might keep the score among your souvenirs! I have no illusions about a performance in my life-time, if ever. But it doesn't matter – the task is "carried out" and the sound is in my head anyway'.

The first performance was given on Wednesday 16 January 2002 in the Logen Hall, Bergen, Norway by Eikanger-Bjorsvik Musikklag conducted by Howard Snell.

It is clear from these remarks that Wilfred Heaton did not consider Variations to be a competition piece. However, once an episodic work like Variations is in the public domain, performances of portions of it will be considered. Therefore the Trustees of the Wilfred Heaton Trust have sanctioned the following abridged versions:

1. Theme, Variations and Chorale
Theme Legatissimo
Variation 1 Grazioso
Variation 2 Molto Adagio
Variation 3 Vivace
Variation 4 Tempo primo
Variation 8 La voce popolare III – Galop
Variation 11 Threnody for Charlotte Anne Stobart
Variation 12 Adagio – Allegro (Chorale)

Duration: c.18 minutes

2. La voce popolare (from Variations)
Theme Legatissimo
Variation 6 Marche militaire
Variation 7 Cantilena
Variation 8 Galop

Duration: c.8 mins 30 secs

3. La voce populare I, II and III may also be performed as separate items.

WH26 (Variations on a Children's Tune)

MS: HF – incomplete pencil full score of a work for brass band based on the tune Jesus bids us shine

WH27 Victory for Me


Festival arrangement for brass band

Duration: 4 mins.
MS: Whereabouts unknown
Publication: SP&S (Festival Series, No.380), March 1977.

Victory for Me is a Ravel-inspired bolero treatment of the tune 'My beautiful Home', which is also associated with the words 'There's victory for me'. Brian Bowen was the flugel horn player when the work was first played by the International Staff Band at the Fairfield Hall, Croydon in the 1960s.

The occasion was an all-London Bandsmen & Songsters Councils on a Sunday In the afternoon session it was decided the ISB should give a demonstration of sight reading, and this was the piece handed to the bandsmen just before going on stage. I suspect Ron Symonds on side drum was shaking a bit when he saw his part, and on flugel I noticed I had some work to do at one section.

WH28 Wonderful Words


Duet for two cornets and brass band

Duration: 4 mins.
MS: HF – composer's autograph containing marks used by the publisher.
Publication: 1954, SP&S (Festival Series, No.204)

In his later years Heaton was rather dismissive (to me) of his lively cornet duet Wonderful words. "It's in the wrong key" was his response when asked what he thought of it. He considered it would be more effective at a key a tone higher. The cornet parts do lie rather low in the range at times, but there is sufficient virtuoso passage work to challenge the best of cornetists.

Other sketch material:

New Every Morning Pencil sketches

March in 6 / 8 Pencil sketches

CHAMBER AND INSTRUMENTAL MUSIC

WH02a Annie Laurie

Variations for cornet and piano (See above for details)

WH29 Berceuse Elegiaque for clarinet and piano

MS: HF – short score of the theme, with sketches for variations.

Unpublished in this version (See Babe born this day below)

Berceuse Elegiaque was composed as a clarinet study for Wilfred Heaton's grand- daughter Emma Stobart. It is dedicated to the memory of her sister Charlotte and was written as an exercise in smooth legato phrasing. It appears to have been composed as a theme for variations, which were not completed.

WH30 Five Bagatelles for brass quintet (2 trumpets, horn in F, tenor trombone, tuba)

I. Grave – Presto; II. Con energia; III. Cantabile; IV. Deliberamente; V. Presto

Duration: 9 mins.

MS: HF – draft full score in pencil and fair copy in ink.

Publication: © 2006 WHT (PHM) performing edition by Paul Hindmarsh.

When Fine Arts Brass requested a work in 1989, Heaton re-worked a Little Suite for recorder and piano from the 1950s into a suite of Five Bagatelles. He also sketched out a different version for brass band at this time, entitled Five Little Pieces (see above).

Despite writing for two C trumpets, the first trumpet part still lies rather high in the outer movements and for substantial passages of the second. It was a request from Fine Arts Brass for some easing of this part that led to the composer withdrawing the work before it was performed. However, with the valuable practical advice of Simon Lenton, the leader of the quintet in 2002, an edition has been made for 2 trumpets in B flat, including piccolo trumpets in B flat and A for passages of extreme register.

The premiere of this piece finally took place 14 years after its preparation – by Fine Arts Brass, in St. John's Church, Chester as part of the 2003 Chester Festival, later broadcast on BBC Radio 3.

WH31 I will follow Thee my Saviour

Air varié for cornet and piano

MS: HF – autograph score in ink

This is one of young Wilfred Heaton's first attempts at extended composition

WH32 Little Suite for recorder (flute) or trumpet (cornet) and piano

I. Grave – Presto; II. Con energia; III. Cantabile; IV. Deliberamente; V. Presto

Duration: 9 mins

MS: HF – the composer's final score for recorder and piano, inscribed 'for Philip Rodgers'

Publication: 2002, WHE(PHM) © WHT, for recorder/flute and piano; 2010, solo part adapted for trumpet/ cornet by Paul Hindmarsh.

Little Suite was composed for the blind recorder player and fellow Sheffield Anthroposophist Philip Rodgers. Whether Rodgers and Heaton, who was a fine pianist, ever performed the work in public is unknown. The first documented performance was given by John Turner (recorder) and Keith Swallow (piano) at the Royal Northern College of Music on 2 October 2001.
The original piano part has also been orchestrated for strings, a precedent set by the composer, whose own string orchestral version is lost or destroyed. (see below)

WH33 Music for brass sextet (Toccata)

for 2 cornets, tenor horn, baritone, euphonium, tuba

Duration: 6 mins.

MS: HF – the composer's autograph was returned to the Heaton family by the Music Ministries Department of the Salvation Army (UK Territory) in 2005

Publication: © 2006 WHT (PHM) performing edition by Paul Hindmarsh, with optional parts for trumpets, horn in F and tenor trombones

In 1939 Heaton was invited by the International Music Editor Bramwell Coles, to write a short work for a brass group to play on a forthcoming music ministry to the USA. Like a number of Heaton's other works, it was thought to be rather too difficult and was not used. Heaton called his sextet simply 'Music'. The essentials of this and the later full band re-working are the same, but there are many minor differences and a few major ones for the sharp-eared listener. The melodic writing is perhaps not as refined. The level of harmonic dissonance is considerably higher. Most surprising of all is the absence of that emphatic 'full-stop' chord at the end.

Heaton was never convinced that this chamber piece should be published, but it is one of the few surviving examples revealing now vibrant and confident the young Wilfred Heaton was, relishing his creative powers.

WH34 Scherzo for brass quartet (2 cornets, tenor trombone and bass trombone)

Duration: 8 mins.

MS: Royal Danish Brass – full score

Publication: 2007, WHE (PHM) © WHT, performing edition by Paul Hindmarsh, with optional parts for trumpets, tenor horn and euphonium.

This brass quartet, composed in 1937, was given to long-time Heaton enthusiast, Mr. Richard Mott in 1968. Resident in Denmark, Richard Mott met Heaton on three occasions, in 1968, 1981 and 1982. Mr. Mott subsequently passed it on to trombonist Keld Jørgensen, the manager of the Royal Danish Brass. The music remained in the ensemble's archive for many years, until an opportunity arose early in 2007 for the Scherzo to receive a belated premiere, which took place on 7th January at Støberihallen in Hillerød, north of Copenhagen.

In 1946 or 47, the fast music of the Scherzo was elaborated into the first Scherzo of the Suite for brass band. Cast in ternary form, this energetic but tuneful section frames a sustained hymn like central Trio. The rhythmic impulse reveals a neo-classical thrust, informed by a Walton-like syncopation.

While the instrumentation of the work does not conform to the 'standard' brass quartet. It is likely that Heaton intended it for the quartet of young cornetists and trombonists from Sheffield Park Corps of The Salvation Army in which he played. Alternative parts for horn and euphonium are included in this edition. A version for full brass band is also published (see above).

WH35 Three Pieces for Piano Op.2 (1954)

I. Tempestuoso; II. Andante tempo rubato; III. Vivo

MS: HF – the composer's undated holograph

Publication: © WHT (PHM)

In terms of their harmonic and textural content, these three short pieces, dated 1954 on the SPNM programme notice, are among the most ambitious works that Heaton composed. The principal influence on the language is Bela Bartok, the Hungarian composer whose work Heaton came to admire through his teacher Matyas Seiber. The works received their only documented performance on Tuesday 7 September 1954 in the Great Drawing Room of the Arts Council of Great Britain, 4 St. James's Square, London. The pianist was James Gibb and the concert also included works by Stanley Glasser and Elizabeth Maconchy. The occasion was the 165th monthly Studio Recital promoted by the Society for the Promotion of New Music. The SPNM had been founded by Francis Chagrin with Seiber in 1943 to give a platform for new writing by British composers. (Its work continues as a means of providing performance opportunities more specifically for emerging composers under the name Sound and Music.) Each recital was followed by discussion. On this occasion the distinguished composer and teacher Alan Bush was in the chair.

Although the composer's manuscript is undated, the programme notice published by SPNM gives the year of composition as 1954, making the Three Piano Pieces among the last works Heaton composed during his productive late 20s and early 30s.

WH36 Sweet hour of prayer arranged for trombone and piano

MS: HF

Publication: © WHT (PHM)

WH37 Sonata for piano

Duration: c. 30 mins

MSS: HF

1. Fair holograph copy in ink of movements 1, 2 ,3 and part of 4, with some indications of dynamics and tempo

2. Pencil drafts of movements 2 and 4

Publication: A performing edition is in preparation

This substantial work was composed in the early 1950s. The material is a re-working of the Suite for orchestra. Movement 1 is a re-composition of the Suite's Prelude. It is contrapuntally and harmonically much elaborated, using the principal motifs as the basis for a new work. Movement 2 remains much closer to the revised Scherzo of Partita, but re-written in terms of the piano. The third movement is new and has more in common with the melodic character of the central movement of Contest Music than the Canzona from Partita. This movement with its sustained textures, has been arranged as a Lento for string orchestra (see below) The finale is an elaboration of the original finale.

This ambitious work was left complete in its musical notes, but lacks dynamics and tempo markings. In the performing edition current under preparation, these are being supplied with reference to the orchestral and brass band originals.

WH38 Three West Indian Melodies for piano (4 hands)

MS: HF
Publication: © WHT (PHM)

CHORAL MUSIC

WH39 The Army's Marching Song

Heaton's earliest published work, in which he is identified as Y.P. band-lad J.W.Heaton
Publication: SP&S (The Musical Salvationist)

WH29a Babe born this day

Christmas Song for SATB, adapted from Berceuse elegiaique by Paul Hindmarsh, text by Kenneth Tout
Publication: WHE(PHM) in association with WHT

WH40 A City Prayer

Anthem for SATB, text by Kenneth Tout
Publication: SP&S (The Musical Salvationist)

WH41 Eternal Decision

Easter Song for SATB, text by Kenneth Tout
Publication: WHE(PHM) in association with WHT

WH42 Intercede, O Lord

Anthem for SATB, text by Kenneth Tout
Publication: SP&S (The Musical Salvationist)

WH43 Marred for me

for male voice choir, text by A.E.Mingay
Publication:SP&S (The Musical Salvationist, vol.LI, part ix.), September 1937 (repub. 1958)

WH44 Norwich, hymn tune by band boy J. Wilfred Heaton

Manuscript: HF, Heaton's earliest surviving composition
Unpublished

WH45 Four Old Spirituals

including an arrangement of Little David play on your harp
Work missing

WH46 Our Glorious King

for SATB choir and piano, words by W.H.Windyback
Manuscript: Whereabouts unknown
Publication: SP&S (The Musical Salvationist, vol.LIII, part viii)

WH47 Safe in the Promised Land

Spiritual for male voice choir and brass ensemble and/or piano
Manuscripts: HF
       1. Original version (in ink) for chorus and brass (in A flat)
       2. Revised version in pencil with added piano part (in B flat). This version includes pencil marginal notes for performer/publisher.
It would appear that Heaton was considering sending this to Brian Bowen or the International Staff Band of the Salvation Army
Publication: WHE (PHM)

WH48 The Lord Reigneth

Anthem for SATB and organ
Manuscript: HF
Unperformed and unpublished

WH49 The War Song of Youth

Manuscript: whereabouts unknown
Publication: SP&S (The Musical Salvationist)

INCIDENTAL MUSIC

WH50 King Lear (William Shakespeare)

Manuscript: Whereabouts unknown, presumed lost
Heaton's apprentice at Cocking and Pace, Herbert Cocking, recall playing fanfares composed by Heaton for a Little Theatre production (Sheffield) in the early 1950s.

WH51 The First Born (Christopher Fry)

Manuscripts: Arnold Freeman Collection, University Library, Sheffield, Cat. No. 91/44/36/1: Four fragments including a 28 bar vocal line for the character Teasret.
Christopher Fry's three act play, based on the birth of Moses, was produced by The Little Theatre Players between 16 and 25 July, 1951.

WH52/53 The King's Threshold (W.B.Yeats)/ The Mother (Marjorie Ecclestone)

Manuscripts: Arnold Freeman Collection, University Library, Sheffield, Cat. No. 91/44/45/4: a 20 bars recorder solo entitled The Mother, marked to be played off-stage and an accompanied song in folk-song style, setting lines from The King's Threshold.

Heaton composed these two short unacompanied items for a production by The Settlement Players, Christmas 1949, of two short plays.

WH54 The Mighty Magician (Pedro Calderon de la Barca, trans. Denis McCarthy)

Manuscripts: Arnold Freeman Collection, University Library, Sheffield, Cat. No. 91/44/58/6: three unaccompanied vocal fragments to be sung by the character Justina. The Little Theatre production took place during June 1952.[COMPOSITION=WH55 The Pilgrim's Progress for piano, brass ensemble and choir]

[COMPOSITION=WH55 The Pilgrim's Progress for piano, brass ensemble and choir]

Manuscripts: HF - full score and script typescript
Publication: WHE (PHM), in a Suite for band and optional narrator by Paul Hindmarsh, see WH55a)

ORCHESTRAL MUSIC

WH07a Concerto for Trombone and String Orchestra

adapted from the Concerto for Trombone and Brass Band and the Rhapsody for Oboe and String Orchestra by Paul Hindmarsh
Publication: 2013, WHE (PHM) - available for purchase and hire

WH37a Lento for String Orchestra

adapted from the third movement of Piano Sonata by Paul Hindmarsh
Publication: 2013, WHE (PHM) - available for purchase and hire

WH32a Little Suite for Flute (recorder) or Trumpet (cornet) and String Orchestra

arranged by Paul Hindmarsh
Publication: 2013, WHE (PHM) - available for purchase and hire

WH56 Rhapsody Op.1 (1952) for Oboe and String Orchestra

Duration: 23 mins
Manuscripts: HF - the composer's holograph full score, including many pencil alterations for the trombone version, and a fair copy in the hand of Kenneth Smith, with a few holograph amendments.

WH23a Sinfonia Concertante for Trumpet (or cornet) and Orchestra



Projected

WH57 Suite for Orchestra (Partita)

Manuscript: HS
Publication WHE(PHM) available for hire

SONGS

WH58 Hay Harvest

Manuscript: KD

WH59 Glory to His Name


for solo voice, choir and piano; words by A.E.Mingay
Publication: SP&S

WH60 My Jesus I love Thee


words by Ralph Featherstone
Manuscript: KD

WH61 On the Road


words by A.E.Mingay
Re-publication: SP&S (Vocal Solos No. 2, p.90), 1964

WH62 The Dove's Answer


words by Jean Ingelow
Manuscript: KD

WH63 With Empty Hands


words by A.A.Mingay
Manuscript: KD

WH64 Welcome for me


Manuscript: KD
Publication: SP&S (The Musical Salvationist, vol.XXXIV, part 4), October 1970

TRANSCRIPTIONS AND ARRANGEMENTS

WH65 Anvil Chorus (from Il Travatore), Verdi


orchestra parts arr. for brass band
Manuscript: HF - score and parts

WH66 Border Ballad (J.H.Maunder)


for male voice choir
Manuscript: HF - piano score arr. for brass band

WH67 Canzona Decima 26 'La Negrona' (1608) by Pietro Lappi (1575-1630)


arr. Brass Octet (3 cnts, Eflat horn, baritone (part missing), euphonium, trombone, Eflat tuba

Manuscript: HF - arranged for James Shepherd Versatile Brass

WH68 Dance of the Tumblers (Rimsky-Korsakov) arr.for brass band


Manuscript: Black Dyke Band
Publication: WHE(PHM) in association with WHT